This paper provides contrasts between the top and bottom of the great statue seen in the prophetic vision by the Babylonian King Nubuchadnezzar about 575 BC and subsequently interpreted by the Prophet Daniel (as described in Daniel Chapter 2).


Head of Statue

Feet of Statue


Iron & Clay

Highest Honor

Least Honor

Short Duration

Long Duration

Most noble - No decay

Not noble - most corruptible and decaying

Highest weight -- specific gravity (19.32)

Lowest weight -- specific gravity (about 1.9)

Most attractive

Least attractive

Highest value substance

Lowest value substance

Softest and most pliable

Hardest and most brittle

Sunny and brightest color

Darkest and dullest color

Great conductor of heat and electricity (perhaps refers to ease by which God works through King's heart and mind as well as that of the people.)

Poor conductor of heat and electricity.  Perhaps refers to relative difficulty encountered by evangelists proclaiming the coming Kingdom of God.  Remember repentant Ninevah versus atheistic Russia.  Note this that "in the last days perilous times shall come for men shall be lovers of their own selves . . . more than lovers of God."  2Ti 3:1-4.

Intellect (instrument of thought and creativity--no mobility), decision making being a very deliberate activity.

Pedestrian (instrument of mobility: the focus of action that is automatic,)  "many shall run to and fro and knowledge shall be increased" Da 12:4)

Driver of action

Driven as the means of locomotion


Utilitarian and toolish--implies usefulness in technology and in the cutting, grinding, and shaping of other metals.

Rule by unity

Rule by many

Supported by body

Supporter for body

Hoarded and guarded

Wasted, common and trivial

Reflects light

Absorbs light

Insoluble substance

Soluble substance

Easy to harness substance

Difficult to harness and use

Authority resides in one person.

Authority is distributed downward to common folks.




*       Progressive degeneration of human governments in value, malleability, and substance.

*       Progression of governmental types:  monarchy (Babylon), oligarchy (Medo-Persia), aristocracy (Greece), imperialism (Rome), combinations of imperialism and democracy (U.N.)

*       Strong centralized governmental system followed by weaker decentralized governmental systems.

*       Humanoid statue depicts inanimate (heartless and artificial) nature of human government.

*       Stone "cut without hands" depicts the "Living Stone" of Christ.

*       Stone completely destroys and replaces human governments with itself.

*       Stone will expand to encompass not only human governments but all of God's earthly creation.

*       Stone is violent in destroying human governments.

*       Human governments are pulverized before being swept away by a great wind.  Depicts: 

a) a probable reference to the Campaign of Armageddon "come and behold what desolations God has made in the earth" and, "He shall tred them in the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God".

b) the angels gathering of the wicked (tares) to the Great White Throne Judgment and the casting of the wicked into the Lake of Fire.

*       As gold is slow to change and iron and clay are quick to change so, monarchical governments are slow to change while democracies are very quick to change hence, are unstable.

*       Iron refers to inflexibility and military strength and clay refers to fickleness of humankind.  The combination characterizes end-time governments as having military strength but possessing very fickle governmental systems.

*       Feet of iron and clay are not truly a 5th government as viewed by Daniel but a simple extension in time of the 4th (Roman) governmental system.  Perhaps reflecting the senatorial (or delegation) form of Government used by the United Nations.